The revival and growth of smithing in North America over the past fifty years has been remarkable. To comprehend the revival, explore the first timeline below. As a wall mural, it measures 90 x 45 inches. But, consider the timeline between 1970 and the present day as but the second revival. The first modern revival was from 1890 to 1940 and is revealed in the second timeline below. It honors Gardner of Britain, Schramm of Germany, Robert of France, Mazzucotelli of Italy and many more and explains the decline of our artisan trade by the mid-twentieth century. To view the timelines closely, one should download the .png file to one’s computer.


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